Biking for Runners
The Benefits of Biking as Cross Training
- It is low impact
- It is an aerobic sport that works the lungs and heart
- It mainly works the muscles of the legs
Much like there are different types of running workouts that can be performed for different benefits, there are different biking workouts that can be performed with similar benefits and without the high impact.
Uphill biking works much like hill repeats in running; strengthening the muscles of the legs to be able to carry your body uphill with ease.
Doing bursts of high intensity on the bike can raise your heart rate much like interval training does when running. These high intensity bursts can be performed on a stationary bike by simply turning up the resistance, or on a road bike by increasing the gears and speeding up your ride.
Long rides on the bike can increase endurance capabilities like a long run can. The difference is how far you must go on a bike to have it be an endurance ride is much longer than the set of miles you might perform for an endurance run.
Why is "Low Impact" Important?
Running is such a high impact sport on the legs and joints, which does have its benefits!
- It strengthens bones/bone mass
- Increases heart rate quickly
- Improves stability and balance
However, there are a few downsides to the constant high impact training of running every day:
- Overuse injuries
- Can be painful on the joints
- Can cause strains on ligaments or tendons
- Difficult for those that are overweight
These downsides are the reasons it can be helpful to include cross training in your running program. It gives the body a few days a week to still work hard and improve the ability to run well without having to hit the ground hard.
What Muscles Does Biking Use?
The two main muscles in the calf are used to lift the heel for position on the pedal
The quadriceps are worked most heavily when biking and are the main muscle group that allows you to propel forward
The hamstrings give the knee the ability to bend in order to make a full pedal motion
GlutesAll three of the glute muscles are used within the buttox. This muscle group paired with the hips work to provide the circular motion of the legs. Cycling oftentimes helps to tone these muscles.
Back & StomachThe muscles of the back and stomach must stay tight in order to get good pressure on the pedals and propel and rider forward.
RRCA Certified Coach & Nutrition Minor